CREDIT: 3(2+1)


Seed and seed technology: introduction, definition and importance. Deterioration causes of crop varieties and their control; Maintenance of genetic purity during seed production, seed quality; Definition, Characters of good quality seed, different classes of seed. Foundation and certified seed production of important cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fodder and vegetables. Seed certification, phases of certification, procedure for seed certification, field inspection. Seed Act and Seed Act enforcement. Duty and powers of seed inspector, offences and penalties. Seeds Control Order 1983, Varietal Identification through Grow Out Test and Electrophoresis, Molecular and Biochemical test. Detection of genetically modified crops, Transgene contamination in non-GM crops, GM crops and organic seed production.

Seed drying, processing and their steps, seed testing for quality assessment, seed treatment, its importance, method of application and seed packing. Seed storage; general principles, stages and factors affecting seed longevity during storage. Measures for pest and disease control during storage. Seed marketing: structure and organization, sales generation activities, promotional media. Factors affecting seed marketing, Role of WTO and OECD in seed marketing. Private and public sectors and their production and marketing strategies.


Seed production in major cereals: Wheat, Rice, Maize, Sorghum, Bajra and Ragi. Seed production in major pulses: Urd, Mung, Pigeonpea, Lentil, Gram, Field bean, pea. Seed production in major oilseeds: Soybean, Sunflower, Rapeseed, Groundnut and Mustard. Seed production in important vegetable crops. Seed sampling and testing: Physical purity, germination, viability, etc. Seed and seedling vigour test. Genetic purity test: Grow out test and electrophoresis. Seed certification: Procedure, Field inspection, Preparation of field inspection report. Visit to seed production farms, seed testing laboratories and seed processing plant.

Practicals (Experiments):

1) Seed production in major cereals: Wheat and Rice

2) Seed production in: Sorghum and Bajara

3) Seed production in: Maize

4) Seed production in major pulses:  Green gram and Black gram

5) Seed production in pulses: Pigeonpea and Lentil

6) Seed production in pulses: Gram and Field pea

7) Seed production in major oil Seeds: Soybean, Rapeseed & Mustard

8) Seed production in major vegetable crops:Brinjal and Tomato

9) Seed production in vegetable crops :Chilli and Okra

10) Seed production in vegetable crops : Onion

11) Seed production in : Pumpkin, Bottle gourd

12) Seed production in :  Bitter gourd, Ridge gourd, Sponge gourd

13) Seed sampling and testing procedure

14) Physical purity test

15) Seed moisture test

16) Germination test – types of germination

17) Germination test – different methods of germination

18) Seed viability test

19) Seed and seedling vigour test

20) Genetic purity test : Grow Out Test

21) Genetic purity test : Electrophoresis

22) Seed certification : Procedure

23) Field inspection, preparation of field inspection report

24) Visit to seed production farms of cereal crops

25) Visit to seed production farms of oilseed crops

26) Visit to seed production farms of pulse crops

27) Visit to seed production farms of fiber crops

28) Visit to seed testing laboratories

29 & 30) Visit to seed processing plant