CMA. 406


Credits: 0+5

Composting Types – indigenous composting methods, Improved compo sting methods Japanese, NADEP, Windrow method. Compo sting industrial biodegradable organic waste, press mud, coir pith, coffee husk, areca and coconut residues, crop residues, liquid organic wastes of agro based industries, composting structures- types, construction and cost. Vermicomposting – earthworms ecological requirements, substrate assembling preliminary preparation. Production of biomass collection and preparation for vermicomposting, processing and bagging. Earthworm composing structures. Economics of vermicomposting Microbial inoculants for hastening the composting process, enhancing nutrient value, nutrient mobilizes and cultures for disease control. Enrichment with indigenous N rich materials, low cost P sources and K rich material and micronutrients. Improving the physical quality of the compost- sieving, maintaining optimum moisture and bagging. Quality standards of compost, marketing of compost. Project preparation for financing compost units. Detailed report on composting work carried out by the student. SWOT analysis of composting project. Visits to large scale composting unit and detailed study of machinery required, fabrication agencies Group discussion and presentation of Project Report.