BOT-367

BOT-367: PRINCIPLES OF SEED TECHNOLOGY

Credits: 3(2+1)

THEORY:
Introduction to Seed Production, Importance of Seed Production Seed Policy, Seed demand forecasting and planning certified, foundation and breeder seed production, Deterioration of crop varieties, Seed quality, Different classes of seed, production of nucleus and breeders’s seed, Maintenance and multiplication of pre-release and newly released varieties in self and cross pollinated crops, Seed production, foundation and certified seed production (varieties, hybrids, synthetics and composites) in maize, rice. sorghum, bajra, cotton, sunflower, castor, tomato, brinjal, chilli, bhendi, onion, bottle gourd and ridge gourd. Seed certification, phases of certification, procedure for seed certification.

Field inspection and field counts etc. Seed Act and Seed Act enforcement, Central Seed Committee, Central Seed Certification Board, State Seed Certification Agency. Central and State Seed Testing Laboratories, Duties and Powers of seed inspectors, offences and penalties. Seed control order, seed control order 1983, seed Act 2000 and other issues related to seed quality regulation. Intellectual property rights, patenting, WTO, plant breeders rights. Varietal identification through grow-out test and electrophoresis, Establishing a seed testing laboratory. Seed testing procedures for quality assessment. Seed treatment and Seed Processing, Seed processing plant, Seed packing and seed storage, Seed marketing.

PRACTICAL:
Seed sampling; Physical purity analysis, Germination analysis, Moisture tests, Viability test, Seed health test and Vigour tests of field and horticultural crops. Varietal identification in seed production plots, planting ratios, isolation distance, rouging, etc. Grow out tests and electrophoresis for varietal. Identification of Bt and Non-Bt seed of crops. Seed dormancy and breaking methods.
Visit to seed production plots, seed processing plants, seed testing laboratories, grow out testing farms etc.

Practical (Experiments):
1) Seed sampling principles and procedures.
1) Physical purity analysis of field and horticultural crops.
2) Germination analysis of field and horticultural crops.
3) Moisture tests of field and horticultural crops.
4) Viability test of field and horticultural crops.
5) Seed health test of field and horticultural crops.
6) Vigour tests of field and horticultural crops.
7) Seed dormancy and breaking methods.
8) Grow out tests and electrophoresis for varietal identification.
9) Visit to seed production plots of maize, sunflower, rice, cotton, chilli and vegetables (Add or delete crops of the region).
10) Visit to seed production plots of maize, sunflower, rice, cotton, chilli and vegetables (Add or delete crops of the region).
11) Visit to seed processing plants.
12) Visit to seed testing laboratories.
13) Visit to grow out testing farms.
14) Visit to hybrid seed production farms.
15) Varietal identification in seed production plots, planting ratios, isolation distance, rouging, etc.
16) Identification of Bt and Non-Bt seed.