AHDS-111

AHDS-111 : LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT

Credits: 2(1+1)

THEORY :
Importance of livestock in the national economy. Livestock development programmes of Govt. of India. Terminology used in livestock management. Important exotic and Indian breeds of cattle and buffalo.Male and female reproductive system of cattle.Measures and factors affecting fertility in livestock, Reproductive behaviour – oestrus and parturition.Mammary gland and milk secretion.Feeding and management of calves, heifers, dry, pregnant, milch animals and breeding bull. Disease – causes, symptoms, preventive and control measures. Feeding and production records. Organic livestock production- definition, importance, principles, standards, certifications, SWOT analysis. Concept of A 1 and A 2 milk.Effect of climate change on livestock production.Integrated livestock farming. Cost of milk production, economical unit of cattle and buffalo.

PRACTICALS:
External body parts of cattle and buffalo. Routine management practices followed on livestock farm. Methods of handling and restraining of animal.Methods of identification marks and dehorning of animal.Recording of pulse rate, respiration rate and body temperature of animal.Preparation of feeding schedule and feeding different categories of cattle and buffalo.Estimation of age and body weight of animal. Clean and hygienic milk productionand milking methods. Judging of animal for dairy and draft purpose.Study of computerized database on dairy farm.Vaccination and control of ecto and endo parasites in cattle and buffalo.Study of various dairy structures.Collection of semen and artificial insemination in farm animal.Pregnancy diagnosis in farm animal.Utilization of dairy farm wastes i. e. dung, urine, etc.Preparation of viable bank proposal for cattle and buffalo.

Practicals (Experiments):
1) External body parts of cattle and buffalo
2) Routine management practices followed on livestock farm
3) Methods of handling and restraining of animal
4) Methods of identification marks and dehorning of animal
5) Recording of pulse rate, respiration rate and body temperature of animal
6) Preparation of feeding schedule and feeding different categories of cattle and buffalo
7) Estimation of age and body weight of animal
8) Clean and hygienic milk production and milking methods
9) Judging of animal for dairy and draft purpose
10) Study of computerized database on dairy farm
11) Vaccination and control of ecto and endo parasites in cattle and buffalo
12) Study of various dairy structures
13) Collection of semen and artificial insemination and pregnancy diagnosis in farm animal
14) Utilization of dairy farm wastes i. e. dung, urine, etc.
15) Preparation of viable bank proposal for cattle and buffalo
16) Visit to dairy farms