AGRO – 3612

AGRO – 3612: GEO-INFORMATICS AND NANO-TECHNOLOGY AND PRECISION FARMING

Credit: 2(1+1)

THEORY:

Precision agriculture: concepts and techniques; their issues and concerns for Indian agriculture; Geo-informatics- definition, concepts, tool and techniques; their use in Precision Agriculture. Crop discrimination and Yield monitoring, soil mapping; fertilizer recommendation using geospatial technologies; Spatial data and their management in GIS; Remote sensing concepts and application in agriculture; Image processing and interpretation; Global positioning system (GPS), components and its functions; Introduction to crop Simulation Models and their uses for optimization of Agricultural Inputs; STCR approach for precision agriculture; Nanotechnology, definition, concepts and techniques, brief introduction about nanoscale effects, nano-particles, nano-pesticides, nano-fertilizers, nano-sensors, Use of nanotechnology in seed, water, fertilizer, plant protection for scaling-up farm productivity.

PRACTICAL:

Introduction to GIS software, spatial data creation and editing. Introduction to image processing software.Visual and digital interpretation of remote sensing images.Generation of spectral profiles of different objects.Supervised and unsupervised classification and acreage estimation.Multispectral remote sensing for soil mapping.Creation of thematic layers of soil fertility based on GIS.Creation of productivity and management zones. Fertilizers recommendations based of VRT and STCR techniques. Crop stress (biotic/abiotic) monitoring using geospatial technology.Use of GPS for agricultural survey.Formulation, characterization and applications of nanoparticles in agriculture. Projects formulation and execution related to precision farming.

Practical (Experiments):

1) Introduction to GIS software, spatial data creation and editing

2) Introduction to image processing software

3) Visual and digital interpretation of remote sensing image by software

4) Generation of spectral profiles of different objects

5) Supervised and unsupervised classification and acreage estimation

6) Multispectral remote sensing for soil mapping

7) Soil fertility map by GIS

8) Creation of productivity and management zone by GIS

9) VRT technique for fertilizer recommendation

10) STCR technique for fertilizer recommendation for targeted yield

11) Calculation of crop stress geospatial technique

12) Agricultural Survey by GPS and DGPS

13) Formulation and characterization of nanoparticles

14) Applications of nanoparticles in agriculture

15) Projects related by precision farming