AGRO-3611

AGRO-3611: ORGANIC AND RAINFED FARMING

Credits: 2(1+1)

THEORY:
Organic farming – Introduction, definition, concept, relevance in present context, organic production requirements.

Biological intensive nutrient management – Organic manures, vermi-composting, green manuring, recycling of organic residues, bio-fertilizers and microbial formulations (EM, Panchagavya, fish solution); Soil improvement and amendments.

Integrated diseases and pest management – Use of biocontrol agents, biopesticides pheromones, trap crops, bird perches, Solar Fencing and electronic devices.

Weed management.
Quality considerations – Organic Certification, labeling and accreditation process, use of logo, marketing and export.
Rain-fed farming –Meaning, importance and problems, soil and climatic characteristics of rain-fed areas; rainfall and its distribution and effectiveness, Concept of watershed; Technique of soil and water conservation, in situ moisture conservation, harvesting and recycling of runoff water, Jalkund and farm ponds.

Management practices for rain-fed crops.
Drought management.
Crop diversification – Cropping systems.

Crop rotation – Sequence/intercropping and their importance in rain-fed farming; Contingency planning for aberrant weather situations, alternate land use systems.
Improved agronomic practices for raising rain-fed crops.

PRACTICALS:
Raising of cereal crops like rice, millets on organically through nutrient, diseases and pest management; vermi-composting; nursery raising; macro quality analysis, grading, packaging, post harvest management, marketing of organically raised produce, visit to bio-control lab, bio-fertilizer unit and vermi-compost unit, Study of cropping systems, preparation of cropping scheme and estimation of cropping intensity under rain-fed farming, use of mulches and crop residues in rain-fed farming, study of important package of practices for rain-fed crop, study of manures use in rain-fed farming, conditions, levels and methods of manure application, study of erosion permitting, erosion resisting crops and their effect on runoff and moisture conservation, identification of critical growth stages of important field crops, crop planning according to land use capability classification, preparation of contingent crop plan for aberrant weather situation, study of watershed project, visit to Dry Farming Research Station.

Practicals (Experiments):
1) Raising of agronomic/vegetable crops organically.
2) Preparation of FYM, compost and green manuring.
3) Preparation of vermi-compost.
4) Pest and disease management in organically raised crops and application of bio-control agents.
5) Calculation of nutrient requirement for organically raised crops using different sources.
6) Grading, packaging, post harvest management and marketing of organically raised produce.
7) Visit to bio-control lab and industry, bio-fertilizer unit and vermi-compost unit.
8) Study of cropping systems, preparation of cropping scheme and estimation of cropping intensity under rain-fed farming.
9) Use of mulches and crop residues in rain-fed farming.
10) Study of important package of practices for rain-fed crops.
11) Study of manures use in rain-fed farming, conditions, levels and methods of application.
12) Study of erosion permitting, erosion resisting crops and their effect on runoff and moisture conservation.
13) Study of critical growth stages of important field crops.
14) Crop planning according to land use capability classification.
15) Preparation of contingent crop plan for aberrant weather situation.
16) Study of watershed project.
17) Visit to Dry Farming Research Station.