AGRO-3610

AGRO-3610: PRACTICAL CROP PRODUCTION II (RABI CROPS)

Credits: 2(1+1)

THEORY:
Farming systems – Definition, scope, classification and components. Integrated farming system (IFS), models for irrigated and rainfed situation.

Cropping systems – Indices for evaluation of Cropping Systems. Organic farming – Definition, Principles and Components.

Sustainable agriculture – Introduction, Definition, goal and current concepts. Factors affecting ecological balance and ameliorative measures.

Land degradation and conservation of natural resources – Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA) and High External Input Agriculture (HEIA).

Irrigation problems – Excess and insufficiency of water supply, poor quality water, sewage water.

Waste lands and their development.

PRACTICALS:
Preparation of cropping scheme for irrigated situations; Preparation of cropping scheme for dry land situations; Study of existing farming systems in nearby villages; Preparation of integrated farming system model for wetlands; Preparation of integrated farming system model for dry lands; Preparation of enriched Farm Yard Manure; Preparation of Vermicompost; Visit to urban waste recycling unit; Study of profitable utilization of agricultural wastes; Visit to poultry and dairy units to study resource allocation, utilization and economics; Visit to an organic farm to study various components and utilization; Study of degraded lands with special reference to iron ore affected mining areas.

Practical (Experiments):
1) Study of cropping scheme.
2) Preparation of cropping scheme for irrigated situations.
3) Preparation of cropping scheme for dry land situations
4 – 5) Study of existing farming systems in nearby villages.
6 )Preparation of integrated farming system model for wetlands.
7) Preparation of integrated farming system model for irrigated lands/ garden lands (Commercial crops + Dairy + Biogas).
8) Preparation of integrated farming system model for dry lands (Rainfed crops + Sheep/Goat + Dry land Horticulture).
9-10) Study of enriched Organic Manures: Preparation of enriched FYM and vermicompost.
11-12) Study of profitable utilization of agricultural wastes for sustainable agriculture (plant residues, biogas slurry, coir waste, etc.).
13) Visit to urban waste and fish waste recycling units.
14) Visit to poultry unit to study resource allocation, utilization and economics.
15) Visit to dairy unit to study resource allocation, utilization and economics.
16) Visit to an organic farm to study the various components and its utilization.
17) Study of iron ore mine waste lands.